An approximate formula to calculate the critical depth in circular culvert

  • Hoang Nam Binh

    University of Transport and Communications, No 3 Cau Giay Street, Hanoi, Vietnam
Từ khóa: Critical depth, Circular culvert, Froude number, Regression equations, Specific energy section

Tóm tắt

Critical depth is a depth of flow where a specific energy section is at a minimum value with a flow rate. Critical depth is an essential parameter in computing gradually varied flow profiles in open channels and in designing culverts. If cross-sections are rectangular or triangular, the critical depth can be computed by the governing equation. However, for other geometries such as trapezoidal, circular, it is totally difficult to find a solution, because the governing equations are implicit. Therefore, the approximate solution could be determined by trial, numerical or graphical methods. These methods tend to take a long time to find an approximate solution, so a simple formula will be more convenient for consultant hydraulic design engineers. The existing formulas are simple, but the relative error between the approximate solutions and true values can reach 9% or greater. This article presents new explicit regression equations for the critical depth in a partially full circular culvert. The proposed formula is quite simple, and the relative maximum error is 3.03%. It would be very useful as a reference for design in conduit engineering

Tài liệu tham khảo

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