Fuzzy-based quantification of congestion for traffic control

  • Toan Trinh Dinh

    Department for Transportation Engineering, #422 Block A11, ThuyLoi University, 175 TaySon, DongDa, Hanoi
Email: Trinhdinhtoan@tlu.edu.vn
Từ khóa: Fuzzy Set; Fuzzy Rule; Congestion Level; Traffic State.

Tóm tắt

This paper presents a methodology for appraisal of congestion level for traffic control on expressways using fuzzy logic. The congestion level indicates the severity of congestion and is estimated using speed and density, being the basic traffic parameters that describe state of a traffic stream. Formulation of the fuzzy rule base is made based on knowledge on traffic flow theory and engineering judgments. Field data on a segment of the Pan-Island Expressway of Singapore were used to estimate the congestion levels for three scenarios: single input variable (speed or density) and combined input variables (speed and density), represented by congestion level on a [0 1] scale. The results showed that there were big gaps between the congestion levels evaluated based specifically on speed and density alone (single state variable), and the congestion levels estimated from both variables lie in between. Given the uncertainty in traffic data collection and dynamic nature of traffic flow, this indicates that it may be inadequate to evaluate traffic congestion level using a single variable, and the use of both speed and density represent the state of a traffic stream more properly. The study results also show that the fuzzy logic approach provides flexible combination of state variables to obtain the congestion level and to describe gradual transition of traffic state, which is particularly important under the heavy congested conditions.

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