Accessibility to public transport from the perspective of the aged people in developing countries: a case study in Hanoi, Vietnam

  • Hoang Thuy Linh

    Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Transport and Communications, No 3 Cau Giay Street, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Thi Hong Hanh

    Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Transport and Communications, No 3 Cau Giay Street, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Phan Thi Thu Hien

    Faculty of Civil Engineering, University of Transport and Communications, No 3 Cau Giay Street, Hanoi, Vietnam
  • Nguyen Hoang Tung

    Faculty of Construction Management, University of Transport and Communications, No 3 Cau Giay Street, Hanoi, Vietnam
Email: hoangthuylinh@utc.edu.vn
Từ khóa: accessibility, public transport, elderly people, motorcycle-based cities.

Tóm tắt

Providing equal accessibility to social activities and transport to everyone is an important task of the transport authorities, especially in developing countries. However, the transport planners mainly focus on expanding the network coverage but lack attention on the accessibility to the service for the aged people. In this study, we have investigated the preferences of different accessibility indicators from the perspective of the aged people in developing countries using the Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) technique. The importance level obtained from the popular rating via the Likert scale will also be compared with the AHP results. The findings presented in this work contributed more insights on the preferences of the aged people on accessibility to public transport, subsequently, better inform transport planners to improve the bus services in these countries. The comparison between self-report surveys via rating and preferences would be a reference for the consideration of survey tools in similar studies.

Tài liệu tham khảo

[1] P. Ziegenhain, Getting Old Before Getting Rich (and not Fully Realizing It): Premature Ageing and the Demographic Momentum in Southeast Asia, in: A. Goerres, P. Vanhuysse (Eds.), Global Political Demography: The Politics of Population Change, Springer International Publishing, Cham, (2021) 167–193. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-73065-9_7
[2] A. Hansen, Driving Development? The Problems and Promises of the Car in Vietnam, Journal of Contemporary Asia, 46 (2016) 551–569. https://doi.org/10.1080/00472336.2016.1151916.
[3] B.P. Shrestha, A. Millonig, N.B. Hounsell, M. McDonald, Review of Public Transport Needs of Older People in European Context, Population Ageing, 10 (2017) 343–361. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12062-016-9168-9.
[4] S.-J. Chen, C.-Y. Chen, M.-R. Lin, Risk factors for crash involvement in older motorcycle riders, Accident Analysis & Prevention, 111 (2018) 109–114. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2017.11.006
[5] R. Carruthers, M. Dick, A. Saurkar, Affordability of Public Transport in Developing Countries, (2005) 27.
[6] M. Fiedler, Older People and Public Transport, Challenges and Chances of an Ageing Society, (2007). https://www.emta.com/IMG/pdf/Final_Report_Older_People_protec.pdf
[7] H. Li, R. Raeside, T. Chen, R.W. McQuaid, Population ageing, gender and the transportation system, Research in Transportation Economics, 34 (2012) 39–47. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.retrec.2011.12.007
[8] C. Sundling, Travel Behavior Change in Older Travelers: Understanding Critical Reactions to Incidents Encountered in Public Transport, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 12 (2015) 14741–14763. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph121114741
[9] R. Alsnih, D.A. Hensher, The mobility and accessibility expectations of seniors in an aging population, Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 37 (2003) 903–916. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965-8564(03)00073-9
[10] K. Fatima, S. Moridpour, Measuring Public Transport Accessibility for Elderly, MATEC Web Conf, 259 (2019) 03006. https://doi.org/10.1051/matecconf/201925903006
[11] M. Akhavan, G. Vecchio, Mobility and Accessibility of the Ageing Society. Defining Profiles of the Elderly Population and Neighbourhood, TeMA - Journal of Land Use, Mobility and Environment, (2018) 9–22. https://doi.org/10.6092/1970-9870/5757
[12] J. Park, S. Chowdhury, D. Wilson, Gap between Policymakers’ Priorities and Users’ Needs in Planning for Accessible Public Transit System, Journal of Transportation Engineering, Part A: Systems, 146 (2020) 04020020. https://doi.org/10.1061/JTEPBS.0000321
[13] V.A. Tuan, D.T. Son, Accessibility to Public Transport Systems in Developing Countries - An Empirical Study in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies, 11 (2015) 1240–1258. https://doi.org/10.11175/easts.11.1240
[14] S.S. Stevens, On the Theory of Scales of Measurement, Science, New Series, 103 (1946) 677–680.
[15] G. Yannakakis, J. Hallam, Ranking vs. Preference: A Comparative Study of Self-reporting, (2011) 437–446. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-24600-5_47
[16] W. Ho, Integrated analytic hierarchy process and its applications – A literature review, European Journal of Operational Research, 186 (2008) 211–228. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ejor.2007.01.004
[17] R. Carruthers, M. Dick, A. Saurkar, Affordability of Public Transport in Developing Countries, World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank, 2005, https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/17408 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.
[18] C. Unsworth, M.H. So, J. Chua, P. Gudimetla, A. Naweed, A systematic review of public transport accessibility for people using mobility devices, Disability and Rehabilitation, 43 (2019) 2253–2267. https://doi.org/10.1080/09638288.2019.1697382
[19] Derek Halden Consultancy, University of Westminster, Developing and piloting accessibility planning, Final Report for Dft. (2004), https://www.academia.edu/3322408/University_of_Westminster_2004_Derek_Halden_Consultancy_and_University_of_Westminster (accessed November 17, 2021).
[20] A. Morris, J. Barnes, B. Fildes, Challenges of using the BUS as an older person, in: Rome, Italy, (2017) 539–544. https://doi.org/10.2495/UT170461
[21] M. Mahmoud, J. Hine, Using AHP to measure the perception gap between current and potential users of bus services, Transportation Planning and Technology, 36 (2013) 4–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/03081060.2012.745316.
[22] JICA, Preparatory Survey on Hanoi Public Transportation Management and Operation Improvement Project (First Phase) in Socialist Republic of Vietnam, Japan International Cooperation Agency, 2020.
[23] A. Mardani, A. Jusoh, K. MD Nor, Z. Khalifah, N. Zakwan, A. Valipour, Multiple criteria decision-making techniques and their applications – a review of the literature from 2000 to 2014, Economic Research-Ekonomska Istraživanja, 28 (2015) 516–571. https://doi.org/10.1080/1331677X.2015.1075139
[24] T.L. Saaty, The Analytic Hierarchy Process: Planning, Priority Setting, Resource Allocation, McGraw-Hill International Book Company, 1980.
[25] invert.vn, Bản đồ hành chính các quận TP Hà Nội khổ lớn 2022, Bản đồ hành chính các quận TP Hà Nội khổ lớn 2022. (n.d.), https://www.invert.vn/ban-do-thanh-pho-ha-noi-quan-va-huyen-cap-nhat-nam-2020-ar2385 (accessed December 31, 2021).
[26] H. L. T. Gia, ICT and disabled and elderly people in different cultures., Oulu, Finland, 2013.
[27] T. Saaty, Fundamental of Decision Making and Priority Theory with the Analytic Hierarchy Process, VI (1994).
[28] M. Danner, V. Vennedey, M. Hiligsmann, S. Fauser, C. Gross, S. Stock, Comparing Analytic Hierarchy Process and Discrete-Choice Experiment to Elicit Patient Preferences for Treatment Characteristics in Age-Related Macular Degeneration, Value in Health, 20 (2017) 1166–1173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jval.2017.04.022.
[29] D. Ho, G. Newell, A. Walker, The importance of property‐specific attributes in assessing CBD office building quality, Journal of Property Investment & Finance, 23 (2005) 424–444. https://doi.org/10.1108/14635780510616025.
[30] B. Apostolou, J.M. Hassell, An empirical examination of the sensitivity of the analytic hierarchy process to departures from recommended consistency ratios, Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 17 (1993) 163–170. https://doi.org/10.1016/0895-7177(93)90184-Z
[31] K.D. Goepel, Implementing the Analytic Hierarchy Process as a Standard Method for Multi-Criteria Decision Making in Corporate Enterprises – a New AHP Excel Template with Multiple Inputs, in: 2013, https://doi.org/10.13033/isahp.y2013.047
[32] S. Srichuae, V. Nitivattananon, R. Perera, Aging society in Bangkok and the factors affecting mobility of elderly in urban public spaces and transportation facilities, IATSS Research, 40 (2016) 26–34. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.iatssr.2015.12.004.
[33] T. Mai, The public bus passengers in Hanoi are expecting for 600 shelterred bus stops, Vietnamplus, (2020). https://www.vietnamplus.vn/nguoi-dan-ha-noi-ngong-trong-600-nha-cho-xe-buyt-co-mai-che/661140.vnp (accessed November 28, 2021). (In Vietnamese)

Tải xuống

Chưa có dữ liệu thống kê
Nhận bài
03/01/2022
Nhận bài sửa
17/01/2022
Chấp nhận đăng
20/01/2022
Xuất bản
15/05/2022
Chuyên mục
Công trình khoa học